English language and literature, University of South Carolina
"Literally" speaking: Youth language, prescriptivism, and ideology
Vlaming David Teniers de Jonge, Der Chemiker (1610-1690).
|—||Paul Gauguin, The Writings of a Savage (via paulgauguin-art)|
A rare & fascinating coin pertaining to the Oracle at Delphi:
This coin is from the Asyut Hoard of 1968/9 and it sold for $600,000. It is extremely rare and of the greatest artistic, historical, and architectural importance - a superb example, probably the finest known.
This tridrachm from Delphi, Phokis (c. 480-475 BC) shows two drinking vessels (rhytons) in the form of rams heads; above them, two dolphins swimming toward each other. On the reverse is a quadripartite incuse square in the form of a coffered ceiling; each coffer decorated with a dolphin and a spray of laurel leaves.
The tridrachms of Delphi are among the most historically interesting of all Greek coins. The fact that almost all the known examples were found in Egypt suggests that the unusual weight standard might have been chosen specifically with Egyptian trade in mind. The obverse type is a direct reference to the Greek victory over the Persians at Plataea in 479 BC, when a great deal of booty, including silver vessels like the two on this coin, were taken by the Greeks. These two rhyta, which are of Persian design, were certainly from that booty and must have been brought as a dedication to Apollo in Delphi (rams were sacred to Apollo, along with dolphins).
The reverse is also very unusual: it is not a normal quadripartite incuse but, rather, clearly shows the stepped coffering that we know decorated ancient ceilings, especially those of prestigious buildings like that of the Temple of Apollo. It is interesting to consider that the coffered ceiling design might be an actual representation of the ceiling that existed in the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. The dolphins that ornament these coffers make the identification sure as they are a punny play on both the name of Delphi (delphis means dolphin) and on the fact that Apollo himself could appear in the form of a Dolphin. Mythology says that he first came to Delphi in the guise of a dolphin swimming into the Corinthian Gulf.
Delphi was famous in the ancient Greek world for being the mountain location of the Temple of Apollo and the Delphic Oracle. The oracle was consulted by kings and by private individuals, the responses being interpreted by the Pythia, who would sit in a trance-like state while she spoke. It is from this place where many important questions were asked and decisions were made in the ancient Greek world - Alexander the Great’s decision to conquer Persia and the rest of the known world being one of them.
entirely new; Angelic names were sigillated in a similar fashion by
Medieval sorcerers and Renaissance High Magicians - and from early times in Northern Europe the Rune letters were bound together to create certain magical alignments. What was peculiar to Spare’s eclectic and pragmatic system was his dismissal of all ritual, trappings and dogma in favour of the use of sigils in conjunction with divertive techniques and control of the dreaming body via the Death Posture. He evolved a creative formula of initiation not predicated upon any religious basis and requiring no faith in any particular pantheon or hierarchy. Identifying the source of magical power as a triune essence of Will, Desire and Belief, Spare claimed the only requirement as being sufficient Belief on the part of the magician to permutate Desire according to his Will. Thus, the magical Current is ever at hand, and may be realised at any moment by a spontaneous and immediate apperception through aesthesis. Spare emphasises the necessity of creating, or discovering, one’s own Arcanum of sigils as he himself had done. Six methods of sigil-crafting are deployed in The Book of Pleasure illustrations, and Spare notes that the primary example given “is illustrative and the fundamental idea of them all, from which anyone can evolve his own system. Conditions, etc., of necessity subsequently evolve themselves” (The Book of Pleasure, p.50, marginalia 3).
“By knowledge of the first letter, one is familiar with the whole alphabet, and the thousands they imply. They are the knowledge of desire. Embracing a positive system of grammar which allows easy, non-conflicting expression, and reading of difficult and complex principles; ideas that at present escape conception” (The Book of Pleasure p.56). By continued experiment, therefore, the individual will discern a sequence of magical principles which underpin his or her practices; taken together, the sigil forms which manifest these points constitute an occult lexicon which Spare terms the ‘Sacred Alphabet’.
|—||Gavin Semple- Zos Kia (via iseesigils)|
A home away from home. Inside Devil’s Point Lookout.